This is a branch of pathology that deals with the biochemical basis of disease which includes measuring of serum electrolytes, indices of liver function, hormones, drugs and tumor markers and other biochemical markers.
Hematology is the study of blood in health and disease. This includes the study of problems with the red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, blood vessels, bone marrow, lymph nodes, spleen and the proteins involved in bleeding and clotting (hemostasis and thrombosis).
- Blood group + Rhesus
- Coombs – Direct
- Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)
- Foetal HB Quantitation
- GB Genotype – Qualitative
- HB Electrophoresis (Quantitative)
Histopathology refers to the microscopic examination of tissues in order to study the manifestations of diseases. Histology, which is the study of tissues and organs through the examination of the microscopical architecture of tissues and the relationship between the different types found within tissues and organs. Diseases such as inflammatory, benign abnormal growth, infections and cancer are diagnosed by this method.
Cytopathology is the study of cellular disease and the use of cellular changes for the diagnosis of disease. Cells related to the diseases are examined and analysed to diagnose medical conditions.
Cytogenetics is a branch of genetics that is concerned with the study of the structure and function of the cell, especially the chromosomes. It includes routine analysis of G-branded chromosomes, other cytogenetic banding techniques, as well as molecular cytogenetics such as fluorescent in situ hybridisation (FISH) and comparative genomic hybridisation (CGH).
Immunology is the study of all aspects of the immune system, including its structure and function, disorders of the immune system, blood banking, immunisation, and organ transplantation. (Medical Definition of Immunology (medicinenet.com))
Microbiology encompasses numerous sub-disciplines including virology, mycology, parasitology, and bacteriology. It studies microscopic organisms, either unicellular (single cell), multicellular (cell colony), or acellular (lacking cells).
Molecular biology underpins the process of replication, transcription and translation of the genetic material. It chiefly concerns the interaction between the various systems of a cell, including the interrelationship of DNA, RNA and protein synthesis and the regulation of these interactions. This branch of our service screens for paternity DNA, viral load, mycobacteria PCR, SARS COV-2 testing, infectious, non-infectious diseases and other PCR testing.